(a) In General. - Any person who violates section 1201 or 1202 willfully and for purposes of commercial advantage or private financial gain -
(1) shall be fined not more than $500,000 or imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both, for the first offense; and
(2) shall be fined not more than $1,000,000 or imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both, for any subsequent offense.
(b) Limitation for Nonprofit Library, Archives, or Educational Institution. - Subsection (a) shall not apply to a nonprofit library, archives, or educational institution.
(c) Statute of Limitations. - No criminal proceeding shall be brought under this section unless such proceeding is commenced within 5 years after the cause of action arose.